The 3-6 year old or Primary child is in what Montessori referred to as the "First Plane of Development." The child at this level has a sensorial
relationship to his/her environment; and learns by touching and manipulating
real objects. Lessons consist of concrete materials that
the child is encouraged to explore following an initial presentation
by a trained Montessori directress. Academic achievement is often
the outcome of this well rounded curriculum, however Montessori's
goal was not merely academic success rather she sought to nurture
the spirit and aid in the development of the child as a whole or
Education for Life. There are six basic areas of the Montessori
Primary Curriculum in addition to Art and Music activities which
are included in the Sensorial, Language and Geography Areas:
Practical Life activities help the child to develop concentration,
coordination, independence and the routine of completing a work
cycle using activities of daily life.
Sensorial activities train the child to use all senses to
explore their environment.
Math provides a foundation for problem solving and critical
thinking skills through the use of concrete materials.
Language brings together the reading and writing skills of
the child to develop logical thinking.
Science and Geography offer the child a context in which
to understand his existence.